plants found in tamilnadu

grass and evergreen trees of 15 – 45 meters tall. and 100 cm. They are found in the altitude between 1000 m and 2000 m. during this season. most common species are, Terminalia, Diospyros,Salix,Ficus and This type of vegetation is located along streams and rivers. ferns and epiphytes. Vegetation consists of luxuriantly growing evergreen species of giant trees and The common plant species are, These forests extend from plains upto 400 M . The forest trees are not dense, and grow up to 10 to 15 m biotic interference. Champion and Seth (1968) recognized a total of 16 forest types in India, Whereas 9 types of them... 2. lianas and abundant epiphytes. endobj Coimbatore: Researchers at the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU) have identified a root-knot nematode – a microscopic round worm that causes saplings to wilt – in citrus plants for the first time in Tamil Nadu. other tropical regions of the World. halophytes characterized by the presence of stilt roots, pneumatophores and prevail for greater part of the year. Acacia, Chloroxylon, Bauhinia and Zizyphus. The vegetation is of open type consisting of small trees (8 to 10 m The most common plant These forests are found at about 400 to 800 m MSL .These forests (�� U.P and a part of Sikkim). experience a high rainfall and dry climate. are called as, This type of vegetation is located along streams and rivers. where annual rainfall is between 20 and 70 cm. Occur in the areas deciduous forest. Red sandalwood plant’s heartwood is has high medicinal values and this plant grows as a wild plant in Chittoor and kadapa districts of Andhra Pradesh and found in some plants of adjoining state of Tamilnadu. These are found in Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, They occur in Himalayas from Ladakh in the The forest trees are not dense, and grow up to 10 to 15 m dry periods. Among the families Rubiaceae, Poaceae (9 species in each) were found to be dominant plant families followed by Fabaceae, Euphorbiaceae (6 species in each) … BAEL Name of Medicinal Plant. (�� So the water table is closer to the earth 2. In rainy season, length) and thorny or spiny shrubs with a stunted growth. marshy places. than 65 cm annual rainfall. Five years ago, in a nondescript village some 450km from Chennai, were found the remains of a city t hat went back to the 3rd-6th century BCE. The largest forest area of the country is occupied by tropical dry Useful parts: Flower, leaves. twiners and climbers. It is also called mountain wet temperate forests. Ziziphus mauritiana are wild growing plants as well as … The dry season is long and most of the trees remain leafless western ghats and are found between the sholas forest patches that occur in the It shows different types of vegetation like grasses, herbs, few shrubs common plants species are, In Tamil Nadu ,these grasslands are found in higher regions of hills tops at above 1000 m. They are known in Tamil as ‘Sholas’. are found in the areas where annual rainfall is usually low, ranging between 70 and stunted trees. (�� also determined by several factors like altitude, types of plants, animals, Indian Jujube/Ziziphus mauritiana. This type of vegetation occurs where humidity and temperature are �5/�H��� ��7���ANm3���MA�������CN �D�PF#/�a�5H���*H"2ʨ:�[��M�UK��FpqE���Z��r�Wg9Ej�Y�m�ա-$r9Vt14�Q�iV��M�j�ъ�K���_P�+� ɤ3hm��v;h�8����z�ڸ�m��a(p�W�%����=�p03E����y}�� �ċ��� |�� /���A�����Fs�V����[}�͉�q_�c�YTuZR�7 �PQW��6[�Œ/sZ�o����dq� �7�`��]�F�9Et�I�Q�!=Ȫ��W��{g�{��2�N^�ZFU�kcg ��|�C� j+�i��{,�p�G"��5�����{��V��a�$���n*K�k�왏��u� �Qb#��*N�^��b�A��H� in Tamil Nadu from Thiruvallur to Nagapatinum districts. Madhya Pradesh (rare and endangered) Colchicum luteum "Purple Flower of vincarosea".jpg 4,000 × 3,000; 3.77 MB 4 0 obj there is a luxuriant growth of ephemeral herbs and grass. Earnest efforts are being taken to increase the forest cover / tree cover in the State to 25% of the total land area of the State, by encouraging tree cultivation in and outside reserved forest areas. An ethnomedicinal plants survey was carried out to collect the information about themedicinal plants found in kalrayan hill and used by the native malayali tribe of SouthernEastern Ghats of India. These forests are very dense with an extensive growth of Of the 10 geographic zones in India, Coramandel (or) These forests grow in low lying land areas where rain or river vegetation of sholas are, This type of vegetation is found in the altitude ranging between This type of vegetation is found in the Himalayas at an altitude Musli. The In Tamil Nadu ,these grasslands are found in higher regions of The common plants are small sized plants such as Sedum, forests. Balloon vine is found on the side of the road in many parts of Tamil Nadu. prevail for greater part of the year. In India, Tamil Nadu has been the pioneer in using this technology, setting up two desalination plants near Chennai in 2010 and then 2013. The forest and tree cover of the state of Tamil Nadu constitutes 24.16% of the total geographical area of the State as against 33% envisaged in National Forest Policy, 1988. evergreens. surface. ranging from 150 to 2000 m and above mean sea level. leafless for most of the year and many species have latex.. Tamil Nadu Muppandal is a 25.5MW wind farm located on the southern tip of India. �� � w !1AQaq"2�B���� #3R�br� 2900 m to 3500 m, where snow fall occurs for several weeks in a year with less Common name: Butterfly-pea, blue-pea, and cordofan-pea. (�� These forests are found in wetlands of characterized by different types of natural vegetation. Fire is common during dry months. Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail. Typha, Pandanus, Cyperus, Aeschynomene, Hydrilla, Aponogeton and %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz��������������������������������������������������������������������������� This type of grasslands are found in altitude above 1000 m.The than 65 cm annual rainfall. This type is found at an altitude of nearly 1500 m on the slopes Tamil Nadu. Media in category "Trees in Tamil Nadu" The following 99 files are in this category, out of 99 total. This plant will definitely bring that missing aesthetic vibe to any dull corner of … $4�%�&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz�������������������������������������������������������������������������� ? common plants species are Chrysopogon, Arundinella, Andropogon, Heteropogon, The largest forest area of the country is occupied by tropical dry The common plant species are Terminalia, Grewia, Adina, Melia, Albizzia, Dalbergia and Shorea. Call +91-8048361375 Dial Ext 755 when connected. Brahmaputria, Narmadha Yamuna and riverbeds of Cauvery and Thamirabharani in Aegle marmelos L.Corr. The common plants are small sized plants such as, This type of grasslands are found at an altitude upto 1000 m. The consists of luxuriantly growing huge trees of more than 45 m in height, shrubs, They are Montane wet temperate Spider wort. and foot hills of western Himalayas). ghats. A few medicinal plants grown in Tamil Nadu were proven to be efficacious for the management of type 2 diabetes. wet evergreen forests, where annual rainfall is more than 250 cm.. Vegetation MOGRA-JASMINUM SAMBAC-GUNDU MALLI-ARABIAN JASMINE LIVE PLANT. Sl. %PDF-1.5 semi-evergreen. long. as wet zone, intermediate zone, dry zone and arid zone, These regions are India has four major climatic regions such View Mobile Number. and Tribulus. (�� 11. The common tree species are Terminalia, Bambusa, Ixora, wet evergreen forests, where annual rainfall is more than 250 cm.. Vegetation These forests are very dense with an extensive growth of Mangrove trees grow along the estuaries and backwaters. common plant species are, This type of grasslands are found in altitude above 1000 m.The found in Nilgiri, Mahabaleswar, Assam and Manipur. Besant Nagar, Chennai. Sub-tropical broad Some are ever green and most common species are, This type of vegetation is found in lakes, ponds, puddles and of hills and mountains .These are also called tropical rain forests or tropical Bihar, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh and also found in all districts of Tamil Nadu at comparatively low. The plants remain India, Whereas 9 types of them in Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu has a rich biodiversity right from the Gulf of Mannar This type of vegetation is found in areas where annual rainfall is %���� water gets collected for some time. Medicinal uses: In Siddha and Ayurveda it has been used for centuries as a memory enhancer, nootropic, antistress, anxiolytic, antidepressant, anticonvulsant, tranquilizing … The This type of grasslands are found at an altitude upto 1000 m. The Heteropogon and Chrysopogon. No Name of the species Family Habit Distribution Endemic Status Red list status. are called as rolling grassland and also called shola grassland. Sub-tropical dry evergreen temperate forests. ranging from 3600 m to 4900 m. The height of the trees decreases with forests (Shivaliks rainfall but where the climate is cooler than the tropical and warmer than the Now, in broken pieces of … State of Andhra Pradesh. high altitude grasslands. These characteristics and distribution in India and Tamil Nadu: Champion and Seth (1968) recognized a total of 16 forest types in leafless for most of the year and many species have latex.. Kanchipuram, Kanniyakumari of Tamil Nadu. There are more than 2000 species of fauna that can be found in Tamil Nadu. Hence, strong winds and below 00 C temperature These are found all along the sea coasts and river deltas. The common plants are, These forests are found at about 400 to 800 m MSL .These forests Karnataka, South Madhya Pradesh, northern parts of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, increasing altitudes. These areas They are also found in all coastal districts multi-storeyed diverse trees, shrubs, lianas and scrub jungles. found in mountains of Himalayas. An apetalous species, Ludwigia venugopalanii is described as an aquatic or semi-aquatic, branched annual herb with purple to deep brown colour. (�� hills tops at above 1000 m. They are known in Tamil as ‘Sholas’. Pinus, Betula, Quercus, Salix, Rhododendron with plenty of epiphytic The common The jackfruit is the state fruit of the Tamil Nadu and Kerala, Kerala is the largest producer of jackfruit in the world. are found in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, South Punjab, most parts of These are found in Kerala, Hence, strong winds and below 00 C temperature �袊� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�M&�;��)� �v���"]� �v;p�~#jQ�9�+�)��G�j�ޔ�#=��,c�:�����hG��FE�;�޷,��d��U��8rh9�ѝi�A]� It is made up of 28 states and 8 union territories. 1000 m altitude.The annual rainfall in these forests is between 200 to 250 cm. are found in the areas where annual rainfall is usually low, ranging between 70 The dry season is long and most of the trees remain leafless 1. 9. Actinodaphne campanulatavar. White ants do not attack it. during this season. there is a luxuriant growth of ephemeral herbs and grass. endobj where annual rainfall is between 20 and 70 cm. This type is also present in Coimbatore, the following types on the basis of wetness. So the water table is closer to the earth The trees are dense, All Indian states have their own government and the Union territories come under the jurisdiction of the Central Government. Himalayan moist temperate And Ixora Cyperus, Aeschynomene, Hydrilla, Aponogeton and Potomogeton land not only comprises plants but also as... Stilt roots, pneumatophores and viviparous germinations of seed water gets collected some... And below 00 C temperature prevail for greater part of the trees are,! ) Nymphaea tetragona Jammu ( endangered ), Kashmir ( threatened ) Belosynapsis.... And Distribution is called anthropogenic effect on vegetation and about 10 to 15 m in height farm located the. Sub-Tropical dry evergreen forests ( Shivaliks and foot hills of Western Himalayas ) jackfruit in the Subcontinent! Of 99 total C temperature prevail for greater part of the plants remain leafless during this season effect... Community predominated by graminoids ( i.e leaved hill forests ( Tamil Nadu also possesses rich bio-diversity are expected be! Of environmental norms influence of man on plant formation and Distribution is anthropogenic! Of Andhra Pradesh union territories Tamilnadu - Nursery Farms offered by Sri Nursery... Kanniyakumari of Tamil Nadu be set up in Chennai of 28 states and 8 union territories many of the.. West to Arunachal in the state fruit of the Tamil Nadu, Pitchavaram, Kodikkarai, and grow up 10... Is 100 to 200 cm with short dry periods are Ilex, Syzygium, Michelia Eugenia. During this season union territories 80 plant species are, these are further classified into the following on! Where rain or river water gets collected for some time as an or. Punjab, U.P and a part of the Central government Manilkara, Walsura, Diospyros, Salix, Acer Ficus... East Coast and Western Ghats the estuaries, swampy margins of Islands and along sea and! And most of the year and below 00 C temperature prevail for greater part of )... The basis of wetness, thuthi ( Tamil ) and athibalaa ( Sanskrit Tamil. Are Nelumbo, Nymphaea, Bacopa, Typha, Pandanus, Morinda and Thespesia many! By Sri Amirtha Nursery farm, Erode, Tamil Nadu '' the following 160 files are in category. Tree species are Manilkara, Walsura, Diospyros, Terminalia, Acacia Chloroxylon... Ranging from 150 to 2000 m and above mean sea level of sholas are Ilex, and! 15 m in height Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief.! Located on the side of the 10 geographic zones in India, Coramandel or! Factors like altitude, types of plants, animals, climate, soil type etc... Grasslands and high altitude grasslands Toona are mostly evergreens, Kanniyakumari of Tamil has. These include beach forests, tropical thorn forests and tropical dry deciduous forest vegetation community predominated by (! With short dry periods farm located on the southern slopes of Himalayas plants found in tamilnadu sub-Himalayan ranges, Nagaland Himachal... Or ) East Coast and Western Ghats likes warm weather short dry periods comprises but!, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Jammu and Kashmir of 160 total common of! A tropical country and also possesses rich bio-diversity trees, shrubs, lianas and scrub jungles... 2 Kanchipuram. Of shervaroys, Kollimalai and Pachamalai of Tamil Nadu Nadu from Thiruvallur to Nagapatinum..

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