periodontal disease pdf

�*T0T0 Bi������fh����� �� You can download the paper by clicking the button above. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Periodontal disease: what to do about those pesky suprabony pockets: depending on the degree of disease, locally applied antimicrobials may help Author: Jan Bellows Date: Jan. 2012 From: DVM Newsmagazine(Vol. endobj <>>>/Contents 9 0 R/Parent 3 0 R>> periodontal disease is low among children and adolescents, this population can develop several forms of periodontal diseases and conditions most frequently associated with an underlying systemic or immunologic disorder.1-4 In addition, current and early studies show that gingivitis occurs in … <>stream Clinical Implications.Patients with diabetes who have periodontal Conversely, treatment of periodontal disease and reduction of oral inflam-mation may have a positive effect on the diabetic condition, although evidence for this remains somewhat equivocal. Risk Factors of Periodontal Disease.. Modiable Risk Factors... Microorganisms and Periodontal Disease. endobj �26S073QI�r � <>>>/Contents 12 0 R/Parent 3 0 R>> Case report, Traumatic Occlusion: Potential Etiologic Risk Factor Leading to a Destructive Periodontal Disease, Open Bite Malocclusion as Potential Predisposing Risk Factor to Promote Periodontal Disease. <>stream 6 0 obj %PDF-1.4 Periodontal disease is among humanity’s most common diseases, affecting up to 50% of the global population, and can have serious consequences such as tooth loss4. If the periodontal pockets are deep and the supporting bone is lost, surgery may be necessary to help prevent tooth loss. Periodontal disease is caused by a build up of bacterial dental plaque. In the beginning stages, 1). x�+�r 12 0 obj Then periodontal disease is a defensive mechanism which To establish the treatment or prevention of an illness avoids penetration of bacteria into the periodontal will always be necessary the eradication of all tissues, to prevent infections and septicemia. Essentially, it is an infection of the tissues that surround and support the teeth. There are no simple modifications of micro- or macronutrient intake that will fully prevent or arrest periodon-tal disease. Plaque-induced periodontal diseases are mixed infections associated with relatively specific groups of indigenous oral bacteria.1-6Suscepti-bility to these diseases is highly variable and depends on host responses to periodontal pathogens.7-11 Although bacteria cause plaque-induced inflammatory periodontal diseases, progression and clinical char- �*T0T0 Bi������f����� � �*T0T0 Bi������f����� � � endobj endstream 13 0 obj <>>>/Contents 6 0 R/Parent 3 0 R>> v�t�]�қ��Z^�� Ogr�w��/dE�����z���-~������GPʨ�m�Bj�aW����R���BOO��$V�lV ��N�|���+2Cv�W endstream 16 0 obj endobj 7 0 obj <>stream �*T0T0 Bi������f����� � Calculus (tartar) �26S073QI�r � x�+�r In its early stage, called gingivitis, the gums become swollen, red, and may bleed. x�+�r endobj e oral bac-terial microbiome includes over di erent phylotypes, <>>>/Contents 24 0 R/Parent 3 0 R>> This is a soft, colourless film of bacteria, which forms on the tooth surface daily. 594 December 2000, Vol. x�+�r Periodontal disease is a disease, or more likely a number of diseases of the periodontal tissues that results in attachment loss and destruction of alveolar bone. 4 0 obj In 1983, Ismail et al. ̯���;����2=�U^d�ny;��o �s��#*�w[O��< M5�1 W�P��o7��R�/Z��)��돗W�ug��h���+,`?��!L������?P�OkE�S�sW Classification of Periodontal Diseases and Conditions American Dental Association Classifications (ADA) The system developed by the American Dental Association classification; System is primarily based on the severity of … endobj tobacco smoking and periodontal disease. <>stream Periodontal Disease Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is an infection that attacks the bone and gums that support your teeth. endstream Usually, in most people, there are episodes of progression followed by episodes of remission (of varying length). However, gingivitis does not affect th … �26S073QI�r � x�+�r Gingivitis, the mildest form of periodontal disease, is caused by the bacterial biofilm (dental plaque) that accumulates on teeth adjacent to the gingiva (gums). (11) analyzed smoking and periodontal dis-ease and found that after adjusting for potential con-founding variables such as age, oral hygiene, gender and socioeconomic status, smoking remained a major risk indicator for periodontal diseases. endobj periodontal disease is more complex. �*T0T0 Bi������f����� � � Toxic substances from the bacteria enter the gums and cause a reaction (inflammation). x�+�r �*T0T0 Bi������f����� � � It is the most common cause of tooth loss in adults. endstream In the pathogenesis of periodontal disease free radicals and oxidative stress play a significant role. A continuing concern in classi- fication is whether to include only diseases that have primary manifestation and etiology in the periodon- tium or whether to also include periodontal manifes- tations of systemic diseases. Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is one of the most common chronic inflammatory disorders that affect the tissues surrounding the teeth (Fig. 22 0 obj Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. The other, more serious, form of gum disease is called periodontitis, in which there is more advanced inflammation of the gums, and the bone endstream endobj �26S073QI�r � The first is called gingivitis, which is mild inflammation of the gums. In fact, more than 85% of dogs and cats older than four years have periodontal disease of varying stages. 24 0 obj endobj endobj The term periodontal diseases has had somewhat dif- fering connotations over time, as discussed by Loe in the preceding chapter. International Journal of Biomedical Investigation, Er-Yag laser for dental roots decontamination to treat multiple gingival recessions. The periodontal diseases are highly prevalent and can affect up to 90% of the worldwide population. Bismarck brownsolutionis placedinadappendish, andtwo Richmondcottonpellets #0are placed inthedishuntilthey appear com- pletely saturated with the solution. endobj Introduction. Periodontal disease, also know as gum disease, is the major cause of tooth loss in adults. x�+�r 18 0 obj <>stream <>stream �*T0T0 Bi������f����� � susceptibility to periodontal disease6 (see Table 1). It is a progressive, cyclical inflammatory disease of the supporting structures of the teeth and is the main cause of dental disease and early tooth loss in dogs and cats. <>stream Periodontal disease is not a cosmetic issue, it is a health issue. <>>>/Contents 2 0 R/Parent 3 0 R>> x�+�r mainly the result of infections and inflammation of the gums and bone that surround and support the teeth <>>>/Contents 21 0 R/Parent 3 0 R>> Periodontal disease is however both preventable and treatable if appropriate and timely management is undertaken. endobj �26S073QI�r � �26S073QI�r � 7 years ago. <>>>/Contents 27 0 R/Parent 3 0 R>> - Download PDF Periodontal Disease: Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention realistic Periodontal analysis and treatment planning offers its readers a step-by means of-step manual to diagnosing and making plans treatment for periodontal patients via the contemporary proof-based protocols. 27 0 obj 11 Journal of the Canadian Dental Association C LINICAL P RACTICE F rom 1977 to 1989, the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) went from 2 main periodontal disease categories to 5 (Table 1).1 The 1989 periodon- tal disease classification was a significant improvement over Periodontal diseases range from . <>stream 2 0 obj There are several types and stages of the disease, all of which start with an infection of the gums that can move into the bones and ligaments that support the teeth. endobj endstream 10 0 obj x��\ݓ��q�ҝ%���*��U*��#��` ��ɒl+Vt�Sq$=pI�.tKr�$o�~�c��L�����d�u%-������|����O~��������/���#��=}y��5����i!���PLC���ܴ�k�zR���WO&Ŵ(��˹qu��nZf��.��^���e3�٭�e�l��Sg]�y�7���˰/_~,����x:��އ�/?���Z�}%�Tq��f���v+M���6�Ufϗ��f�Y�f�x�}�m����� As a review, the periodontal classifications were revised in 1999 and classified as chronic, aggressive (localized and generalized), necrotizing, and a manifestation of systemic disease. %���� 6 DENMARK 2001 3.9 LITHUANIA 1998 15.2 * SPAIN 2005 3 UK 2009 15 GERMANY 2005 2.7 GERMANY 2005 14.2 AUSTRIA 2000 2.2 SPAIN 2005 13.8 SWITZERLAND 2002 1.7 NORWAY 1999 13.5 * SWEDEN 2003 1,5 * SWITZERLAND 2002 10.4 UK 2009 0 SWEDEN 2003 7,5 * EFP partners: PERIODONTAL DISEASE IN EUROPE DOSSIER The shortcomings of available Education is regarded as the most ON … Periodontal disease is the scientific name used to describe gum disease. Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease caused by gram-negative bacteria, characterized by gingival inflammation and alveolar bone resorption. 19 0 obj Other things — such as the general condition of your teeth, your nutrition and general health, endstream If you have been told you have periodontal (gum) disease, you’re not alone. Periodontal Disease as a Complication of Diabetes Periodontitis has been referred to as the sixth complica-tion of diabetes.

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